TALLAHASSEE, Fla. — Florida’s state Board of Education banned “critical race theory” from public school classrooms on Thursday, adopting new rules it said would shield schoolchildren from curricula that could “distort historical events.”
Florida’s move was widely expected as a national debate intensifies about how race should be used as a lens in classrooms to examine the country’s tumultuous history.
Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis appeared by video at the top of the meeting, urging the members, many of whom he appointed, to adopt the new measures that he suggested would serve students with the facts rather than “trying to indoctrinate them with ideology.”
The change to required instruction planning and reporting states, teaching of civics and history quote “must be factual and objective, and may not suppress or distort significant historical events, such as the holocaust,” which nearly everyone agrees with.
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The second part is where there’s a debate: “and may not define American history as something other than the creation of a new nation based largely on universal principles stated in the declaration of independence.”
DeSantis said the change is necessary.
“Basically teaching kids that the country is rotten and a racist institution that is wrong and not worth any taxpayer money,” he said.
Dr. Eric Smaw at Rollins College said critical race theory is usually only taught in college, and that he disagrees that it teaches hate.
“It teaches us to evaluate our state institutions from the perspective of race, particularly from the perspective of African Americans so that we can see how our state institutions have affected African Americans over time,” he said.
The Black Lives Matter movement has helped bring contentious discussions about race to the forefront of American discourse, and classrooms have become a battleground. Supporters contend that federal law has preserved the unequal treatment of people on the basis of race and that the country was founded on the theft of land and labor.
Opponents say schoolchildren should not be taught that America is fundamentally racist. Governors and legislatures in Republican-led states around the country are considering or have signed into law bills that would limit how teachers can frame American history.
Both sides accuse the other of politicizing classroom instruction and violating the free speech rights of countless people by limiting the allowable points of view.
Florida law already requires schools to provide instruction on a host of fundamentals, including the Declaration of Independence, the Holocaust and African American history, but the topics have often been muddled. Current events, including the killings of Black people by police, have intensified debates.
During his brief appearance Thursday, DeSantis called it “outrageous” how some instructors are deviating from what he and others consider the fundamentals of history.
“Some of this stuff is, I think, really toxic,” DeSantis told the school board. “I think it’s going to cause a lot of divisions. I think it’ll cause people to think of themselves more as a member of particular race based on skin color, rather than based on the content of their character and based on their hard work and what they’re trying to accomplish in life.”
The Florida Education Association called on the board to reject the proposal.
“Students deserve the best education we can provide, and that means giving them a true picture of their world and our shared history as Americans. Hiding facts doesn’t change them. Give kids the whole truth and equip them to make up their own minds and think for themselves,” the union’s president, Andrew Spar, said in a statement earlier this week.
The association, which represents teachers across Florida, called on the board to at least strip inflammatory language from the proposed rules. A particular sore point is the use of “indoctrinate” in the rule, which the union says presents an overly negative view of classroom instruction. That word, however, remained in the rules adopted by the board.
DeSantis specifically criticized the 1619 Project, a classroom program spawned by a New York Times project that focuses on teaching about slavery and African American history. The project’s name refers to the year popularly believed to be when slaves were first brought to colonial America. DeSantis charged that the program distorts U.S. history by contending that the American Revolution was instigated to preserve slavery.
The journalist behind the project, Nikole Hannah-Jones, at the center of a controversy over the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill’s decision not to grant her tenure.
Seminole County and Lake County school districts said that critical race theory and the 1619 project are not part of their curriculum. The teachers union in Orange County said the same.
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